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Year : 2019 Volume : 69 Issue : 2

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Cupressus sempervirens (Servi) varyetelerinin (horizantalis ve pyramidalis) odunlarındaki uçucu bileşikler

Open Access

Abstract

Türkiye de doğal olarak yetişen ve yetiştirilen Cupressus sempervirens (servi) 2 varyetesinin odunlarından izole edilen eterik yağlardaki bileşikler Gaz Kromatografi-Kütle Spektroskopi cihazıyla belirlenmiştir. Taze odunlardan elde edilen eterik yağların analizleri sonucu 51 bileşik tanımlanmış olup, bu bileşikler eterik yağın %91,9-95,7’sini oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada 2 farklı varyete odunu, öz ve diri odun ayrımı yapılarak incelenmiştir. Sonuç olarak 2 varyete odunu benzer bileşim göstermiştir. Öz ve diri odunların eterik yağ bileşimlerinde oksijenli monoterpenler (%43,7-72,4), oksijenli seskiterpenler (%8,7-36,5) ve diterpenoidler (50,82-4,15) bulunmuştur. Eterik yağlarda en fazla bulunan bileşikler sırasıyla, karvakrol metil eter %38,2-62,6, α-sedrol %15,7-34,3, manool %1,75-9,83, terpinen-4-ol asetat % (0,82-4,15 ve borneil asetattır (%0,26-4,62). Diğer servi odunlarının eterik yağ bileşimleri ile kıyaslandığında Cupressu sempervirens odunu, en fazla karvarol metil eter içeren tür olarak tanımlanabilir. Sonuç olarak servi odunlarını karakterize eden 2 terpen türü bileşik olduğu söylenebilir: bunlar alfa-sedrol ile karvakrol metil eter veya karvakroldür. Cite this paper as: Balaban Uçar, M., Uçar, G., Özdemir, H., 2019. Essential wood oil of Cupressus Sempervirens varieties (horizontalis and pyramidalis). Forestist 69(2): 97-102.

Keywords

Cupressus-sempervirens-varyeteleri   karvakrol-metil-eter   monoterpenler   odun-uçucu-bileşenleri   sedrol  

Corresponding Author

Mualla Balaban Uçar

References

  • Abbas, A., Tabanca, N., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C., Ellis, J., Gray, S., Lackey, B.R., Murphy, C., Khan, I.A., Wedge, D.E., 2013. Composition, Mosquito Larvicidal, Biting Deterrent and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils of Different Plant Parts of Cupressus arizonica var. glabra (‘Carolina Sapphire’). Natural Product Communications, 8, 257-260.
  • Adams, R.P., 2007. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy. Allured Publ. Corp., CarolStream, IL, USA.
  • Adams, R.P., Li, S., 2008. The Botanical Source of Chinese Cedarwood Oil:Cupressus funebris or Cupressaceae Species? Journal of Essential Oil research 20, 235-242.
  • Amri, I., Mancini, E., De Martino, L., Hamrouni, L., Hanana, M., Jamoussi, B., Gargouri, S., Scognamiglio, M., De Feo, V., 2014. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Tunisian Cupressus arizonica Greene Essential Oils. Chemistry & Biodiversity 11, 150-159.
  • Asgary, S., Naderi, G.A., Arde
Daha Fazla Göster

Details

DOI 10.26650/forestist.2019.230519

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Essential wood oil of Cupressus sempervirens varieties (horizontalis and pyramidalis)

Open Access

Abstract

The essential oils isolated from the woods of Cupressus sempervirens var. horizantalis and var. pyramidalis harvested from natural and cultivated locations in Turkey were characterized by GC-MS analyses. Fifty-one compounds, representing 91.9-95.7% of the oil composition, were identified. The oils obtained from two varieties wood exhibited quite similar composition. Sapwood and heartwood oils were mainly composed of oxygenated monoterpenes (43.7-72.4%), sesquiterpenoids (8.7-36.5%) and diterpenoids (2.2-10.4%). The major compounds were carvacrol methyl ether (38.2-62.6%), α-cedrol(15.7-34.3%), manool (1.75-9.83%), terpinen-4-ol acetate (0.82-4.15%) and bornylacetate (0.26-4.62%). Compared to other Cupressus species, Cupressus sempervirens wood can be classified as a carvacrol methyl ether rich species. As a result, the wood oil of Cupressus species can be characterized by the presence of two compounds: α-cedrol and carvacrol or carvacrol methyl ether. Cite this paper as: Balaban Uçar, M., Uçar, G., Özdemir, H., 2019. Essential wood oil of Cupressus Sempervirens varieties (horizontalis and pyramidalis). Forestist 69(2): 97-102.

Keywords

Cedrol   carvacrol-methyl-ether   Cupressus-sempervirens-varieties   monoterpenes   wood-essential-oil  

Corresponding Author

Mualla Balaban Uçar

References

  • Abbas, A., Tabanca, N., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C., Ellis, J., Gray, S., Lackey, B.R., Murphy, C., Khan, I.A., Wedge, D.E., 2013. Composition, Mosquito Larvicidal, Biting Deterrent and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils of Different Plant Parts of Cupressus arizonica var. glabra (‘Carolina Sapphire’). Natural Product Communications, 8, 257-260.
  • Adams, R.P., 2007. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy. Allured Publ. Corp., CarolStream, IL, USA.
  • Adams, R.P., Li, S., 2008. The Botanical Source of Chinese Cedarwood Oil:Cupressus funebris or Cupressaceae Species? Journal of Essential Oil research 20, 235-242.
  • Amri, I., Mancini, E., De Martino, L., Hamrouni, L., Hanana, M., Jamoussi, B., Gargouri, S., Scognamiglio, M., De Feo, V., 2014. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Tunisian Cupressus arizonica Greene Essential Oils. Chemistry & Biodiversity 11, 150-159.
  • Asgary, S., Naderi, G.A., Arde
Daha Fazla Göster

Details

DOI 10.26650/forestist.2019.230519

Full Text (PDF)